Saturday, 19 January 2013

The Two Classifications Of Heart Murmur

By Owen Derwin

A heart murmur can be diagnosed by a doctor as abnormal or innocent. The latter diagnosis is usual in kids who are normal. Cases that aren't normal are most of the time caused by many conditions. Nurses can send their patients to a specialist for further evaluation and treatment.

This type of murmur is a heartbeat with extra or abnormal sounds. These sounds often range from faint to loud. They can be identified as innocent or abnormal during a routine body exam that is performed by a general physician.

Innocent murmurs can occur in children who haven't any health issues. They do not have any symptoms, other than an unusual heartbeat. Pregnant women may develop this issue because of the extra blood that flows through their heart.

A congenital defect can cause abnormal murmurs. Most of the time this is the cause with children. These defects might concern the inner walls or the veins and arteries that carry the blood. Their valves may be too small, or they might not close correctly. Holes in one or both septums may also be the problem. Babies can have several issues that can be corrected with surgery.

Adults who have murmurs often have acquired heart valve disease, which starts as a consequence of other problems. They could have undergone from an injury or an attack and possibly have scar tissue. Pulmonary problems and severe high blood pressure may also be to blame. Other causes include stenosis, Rheumatic fever, infection, anemia, or hypothyroidism.

After the patient is diagnosed with a heart murmur, they will be sent to a specialist who will diagnose and treat their condition. Patients may have to undertake an EKG, echocardiography, or chest X-ray. Depending on the seriousness of the case, surgery, medications, and lifestyle changes may be required. Because innocent murmurs do not have any underlying reason, they do not require any treatment.

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